Childbirth is a unique and personal experience for all mothers. Due to personal and health reasons, some birth-givers opt for C-section delivery, and in some cases and emergencies, a birth-giver has to opt for this choice. Although this procedure might be common, it is also important to remember that it is still a very major surgical procedure and that proper care and treatment must be provided post-op. This is why physiotherapy for lower back pain post-pregnancy can help! 

Recovery post a C-section differs from person to person and during this recovery period, some patients may also develop back pain. Expectant mothers deal with back pain during the latter half of their pregnancy as their body adjusts with the growing size of the baby and the expanding uterus, and this pain continues till the postpartum stage, especially if you have had a C-section.

Reasons why women have back pain after their C-Section

  1. Due to the hormonal changes during pregnancy which leads to the release of the hormone called relaxin that loosens your joints and ligaments, it might take some time for your body’s hormonal balance to bounce back post-pregnancy. These loose ligaments and joints do not provide enough support to the spine which causes back pain. However, the good news is that the body gradually recovers from this over time. 
  1. During pregnancy, it is normal to gain weight. However, this weight changes the centre of gravity which puts pressure on the joints and ligaments. So whether a birth-giver has given a normal birth or C-section, it will take some time for them to regain their previous shape, which is why it is normal to have postnatal back pain. 
  1. Lifting and carrying the baby post-surgery might also be why a new mother experiences back pain after a C-section. While lifting and carrying a newborn baby might seem like a necessary and easy task, new mothers with C-section delivery should be cognizant of the fact that they have had major surgery. The body takes time to recover from it which is why the constant bending down and lifting may cause stress on the ligaments and joints, thus causing back pain. 
  1. Another thing to remember, especially for new mothers with C-section delivery is that holding the same posture during breastfeeding can cause neck pain, thus aggravating the existing back pain. While breastfeeding is essential and an excellent way to bond with the baby, holding the same posture during the entire duration of breastfeeding may lead to the neck getting stiff , thus affecting the posture further, and also worsening the back pain. 
  2. Right after C-section, the anaesthesia takes time to wear off, and the kind of anaesthesia used is also a major factor behind the back pain. If the specialists use an epidural or a spinal block to numb the area around the spine, it is normal to have muscle spasms in the area weeks and months after delivery, which lead to some pain and discomfort in the back.

What are the Symptoms of Back Pain Post C-Section? 

  • General stiffness around the back and the spine. 
  • Decreased range of motion and functionality in the back. 
  • Hurts to bend down and carry light objects or the baby. 
  • Sharp pain in the lower back.

Also Read: How Does Physiotherapy Ease Back Pain During Pregnancy?

 Physiotherapy Management after C-Section

Physiotherapy for back pain after C-section is a great alternative to medicine and surgical options as it not only helps provide a long-term solution to the pain but also encourages a new mother to get back to exercising. 

  • Non-Invasive
    Physiotherapy for lower back pain is a non-invasive procedure that helps with back pain, and does not need any drowsy medication or risky surgical procedures. For breastfeeding mothers, the medicine route can be tricky as there is a strict restriction on the kind of pain meds they can take at this time. Additionally, going for a surgical option after one has had a C-section is risky. Physiotherapy is a great alternative to this as it is non-invasive and a drug-free procedure to provide effective solutions to the pain. Plus online physiotherapy is also possible for new parents as scheduling a physical session may be inconvenient with a newborn baby! 
  • Flexible
    Physiotherapists understand that a patient may not be able to be functional right after surgery. So, the initial consultations with the physiotherapist will include important discussions regarding lifestyle changes and advice about comfort positioning, advice about certain movements related to standing, sitting, turning, and bending. Physiotherapists will also create a schedule based on the patient’s requirements and comfort level. 
  • Electrotherapy
    Through the use of electrotherapy in the initial weeks of physiotherapy, electrotherapy will be used to alleviate the back pain after c-section. This technique uses mega pulse or ultrasound to reduce the hematoma of the wound or bleeding. 
  • Easing Back To Exercise
    Physiotherapy for back pain after C-section uses muscular and cardiovascular exercises to provide long-term pain relief. This is a great way for the body to ease back into exercise. It focuses on the pelvic floor exercises to help strengthen the spine, and also encourages a new mother to indulge in cardiovascular exercises like a brisk walk. 
  • Improving Functionality
    Becoming a new mother comes with a set of important responsibilities and tasks. Back pain during this time can serve as an impediment to your day-to-day life, causing you to be chained to the chair or bed. Physiotherapy helps new mothers become self-reliant through effective guidance regarding exercises and pain relief methods that help new mothers perform important activities without any risks or complications. 

  • Relaxation
    Stress is an important aggravator of pain and this can be especially relevant during the postnatal period when a new mother is dealing with a newborn baby. The stress on the body post-surgery and the emotional stress of being a new mom further aggravates the pain. Physiotherapy for lower back pain after a c-section includes massage therapies that help new moms to relax and help their joints and muscles to release the pressure and the stress-causing the pain in the first place.

Phythealth has a group of highly trained physiotherapists who will be able to effectively guide and assist you during this crucial postnatal period. Your assigned physiotherapist will do the following to guide you to pain relief using 3D imaging techniques and Artificial intelligence to accurately analyze your movement and posture.
Book your online video consultation today!