Pregnancy is a time for changes, both physical and mental.  While your baby is growing and your body adjusts to the new normal, there are a whole lot of changes that follow suit. They are usually accompanied by nausea, breathlessness, and most importantly back pain. Physiotherapy for back pain during pregnancy can be a viable option to consider during this time!

Reasons Behind Back Pain During Pregnancy

The back pain typically originates from the sacroiliac joint- where the pelvis meets the spine. 

There are a number of reasons why that happens:

  • Posture Changes – Since pregnancy changes your center of gravity, as a result your posture also changes, causing stress to your back muscles or strain. 
  • Weight Gain – During pregnancy, a woman gains around 12-18 kgs which ultimately leads to back pain. Since the body has to adjust with the growing size of the baby and the uterus it puts pressure on the lower side of the back, causing discomfort. 
  • Hormonal Changes – During pregnancy, a hormone called relaxin is released in your bloodstream that causes your blood vessels and joints to ease to prepare your body for childbirth. This causes the ligaments that support your spine to loosen, which leads to back pain. 
  • Stress – As you are going through intense physical and emotional changes, it is only normal to get overwhelmed by it all. This causes your experience of pain to increase as stress levels in your body increase. 
  • Muscle Separation During Pregnancy – Since the uterus expands to accommodate your growing baby, muscle separation between the sheets of muscles that run from the rib cage to the pubic bone aggravates back pain.

Pregnancy complicates the option of taking over-the-counter pain medication to provide pain relief, as these medicines may not be safe for consumption during pregnancy. While exercise and relaxation help, physiotherapy is truly an effective boon as it uses a drug-free, safe approach to help you with your back pain during this time.

Also Read: Back Pain After C-Section? Here’s How Physiotherapy Can Help!

Benefits of Physiotherapy For Back Pain During Pregnancy

This is how physiotherapy for lower back pain during pregnancy can support you and help reduce back pain during pregnancy: 

Non-Invasive – During pregnancy, any invasive procedure comes with a set of risks. However, physiotherapy is a great sustainable and noninvasive technique to help alleviate back pain. Through physiotherapy, muscle exercises and pain relief methods are taught and assisted by expert physiotherapists that help in pain relief for a long time. Through Physiotherapy, patients are taught pain-relieving techniques that patients can easily include in their day-to-day life. Physiotherapy for back pain during pregnancy is a flexible option for any woman with any kind of schedule as online physiotherapy is an option at Phythealth! It is the perfect noninvasive way to help support women during pregnancy!

Reducing Incontinence – Incontinence is an issue faced in both prenatal and postnatal stage. It is an inconvenient consequence that is caused by weakened pelvic floor muscles and increased blood flow that is putting pressure on your kidney which causes the urge of frequent urination. Physiotherapy for lower back pain can help with this problem and provide a long-term solution by helping to increase the pelvic floor muscle strength through some targeted muscle exercises which stay with you even post-pregnancy that will help you with your recovery as well! 

Improve Flexibility – Back pain can be alleviated by increasing flexibility and muscle strength- two things that are best done by physiotherapy practices. Physiotherapists with guided muscle strength exercises and flexibility improving techniques can provide a long-term solution to these problems and also prepare your body for childbirth. Improving back flexibility is a great way to help relieve pressure and help prepare your body to bode well with the physical adjustments of pregnancy. 

Posture Correction – Posture correction is an important aspect of correcting back pain as changed posture is one of the main aggravators behind back pain. Since the center of gravity changes during this time, your posture also changes adding more pressure to your lower back thereby increasing back pain. Physiotherapy for lower back pain during pregnancy helps relieve that pressure by corrective exercises that significantly helps reduce back pain. Additionally, these exercises go a long way to improve your posture post-pregnancy leading to better recovery after childbirth. 

Helps Loosening Joints – Back pain is also caused by the hormone called relaxin that loosens the ligaments and joints overall that disturbs the stability and strength of the back muscles which causes muscle aches and pain in their joints especially in the lower back. Physiotherapy really helps at this time as they target these specific ligaments and joints and work on the stiffness. It targets the particular area of muscles that are affected and recommends exercises to ease the pain effectively and it shows amazing results in a short period of time. 

Simple Stretching Exercises – Physiotherapy for lower back pain is a sustainable solution for working mothers as well as it offers easy exercises that help with functionality and pain and can be done at a convenient time for busy working women. Simple stretching exercises recommended by your physiotherapists only take around 5-7 minutes of your daily time and these 5-7 minutes go a long way in improving your back pain both during and post-pregnancy. 

Helps Provide Individualised Exercise Plan – Mobility and exercise are both very important in pregnancy. Moving during pregnancy helps in circulation and improves overall health for you and your growing baby. However, back pain can get in the way of that as it might dissuade you from exercise. This is where physiotherapy comes in. Physiotherapists work with your trainer or you to help create a customized training plan to not only help with your back pain but to avoid exercises that can further complicate the problem. 

Dynamic Lumbar Stabilisation – Back Pain can be aggravated if there is increased activity or stress on your back. Physiotherapy helps relieve that pressure and stress through the Dynamic Lumbar Stabilisation technique which controls pain by reducing motion at the affected region. Physiotherapy exercises can help train the other muscles in your body to provide protective support to your back during any kind of activity thus efficiently reducing pain. 

Increasing Endorphins – Since Physiotherapy for lower back pain includes exercises and movement, it helps in the release of endorphins in the body. Endorphins naturally relieve pain in your body and also help wean off a reliance on pain medication. Since stress is also an aggravator of pain, physiotherapy is a supportive exercise that helps release endorphins which also enhances the mood and reduces stress, thus going a long way to reducing back pain.


At PhytHealth, we have a fully trained staff of expert physiotherapists who will guide you in your pregnancy journey and help relieve the pain and improve your experience and quality of life during this time!