There are a lot of types of physical therapy for back pain available to us.  Whenever someone visualizes physiotherapy they immediately associate that with hefty, expensive machines and complicated procedures. But physiotherapy for back pain is so much more! It includes core-strengthening, massage therapies, electrotherapy, TENs massaging, heat and cold therapy, manual therapy, postural correction, and more. Let us examine all types of physical therapy for back pain so you can choose the best physio for back pain that works for you!

Types of Physical Therapy for Back Pain

  • Manual Therapies – Manual therapy is when your physiotherapist works with you and targets the specific muscles that are in pain. Using manual therapies, your physiotherapist can specifically target the muscles in the back and perform stretches and exercises that relieve the tension and stress build-up. This type of physical therapy is performed when the patient is immobilized after surgery and cannot move that much, or needs assistance to provide the best care for the joint. 
  • Electro-Therapy – Your physiotherapist identifies the muscles in the back- lower and upper and decides on a course of treatment that might include electrotherapy techniques. Using sonography machines, mild electric waves are applied to the target muscles to help relieve nerve pressure, reduce inflammation and allow normal range of motion again. 
  • TENs Massaging – With physio machines available online, TENs massaging can be done in the comfort of your own home. This tool is quite helpful if you don’t have the bandwidth to go to regular physiotherapy appointments. Every time you feel sore, you can definitely use this tool for short-term pain relief. Using pulsating machines and vibrations, a TENs massager helps release pressure in the muscles and provides instant relief. You can even use this tool after a long day at work and benefit from the de-stressing effects of having a massage. 
  • Heat and Cold Therapies – For mild cases of back pain, sometimes proper rest and heat and cold compress work like a charm. If you are in a sport that requires faster muscle recovery after a grueling workout, your physiotherapist might also suggest cryotherapy for your muscles which means exposing your body to extremely cold temperatures for a short amount of time to heal your muscle. If you slept in a bad position, a hot compress to increase blood flow also works wonders to heal the area. 
  • Postural Correction – Physiotherapy for back pain also leads to lifestyle changes that help in the long-term prevention of back pain. Your physiotherapist works with you to identify your current posture and recommends corrective measures. They also prescribe certain braces and protective equipment to help support your back. 
  • Movement Correction – Physiotherapists work with your physical trainer to understand which movements are aggravating your back pain. You might be lifting weights in an incorrect position or you might be overstretching causing tears- everyhing is taken into consideration when your physiotherapist designs a treatment plan for you. 
  • Muscle Strengthening Exercise – This is one of the key areas of physiotherapy. Your physiotherapist works with you to create a therapeutic exercise regime plan to help you on your journey to recovery. This is especially important if you had a major surgery that has restricted your movements, or have just recovered from an injury. Your physiotherapist works with you on a regular basis to understand your comfort level and create a plan that challenges as well as supports you. These exercises help you regain your earlier range of motion and regain functionality! 

  • Core Strengthening Exercise – If you want a strong back, you have to have a strong core. This is also an important treatment route in physiotherapy. Your physiotherapist will first assess your current core strength, identify your strength and weakness and design a core-strengthening regime after considering your injuries, existing health conditions, lifestyle, and others. A strong core is definitely an asset if you want a long-term prevention plan!

Also Read: Physiotherapy Exercises You Can Do at Home to Relieve Back Pain

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