When we say concussion, we are usually referring to a mild traumatic brain injury associated with sports, accidents, a fall, or a blow to the head. It results in a brief dizzy mental state and altered consciousness. However, concussion awareness has been on the rise lately due to the impact of damage to the brain from concussions in sports that has made it to the news. Due to this, widespread awareness of proper concussion management is on the rise, thanks to a positive and eager response and involvement from the medical community. This has led to increased attention to the therapeutic methods of concussion treatment like physiotherapy for a concussion which ensures a faster and better recovery.

Symptoms of Concussion

These are the common symptoms that occur if you suspect a concussion due to an accident or injury:

  • Dizziness 
  • Neck pain 
  • Headaches 
  • Problem with balance 
  • Sensitivity to light and sound 
  • Cognitive deficiencies 
  • Difficulty with short term memory 
  • Confusion 
  • Fogginess 
  • Trouble concentrating and processing basic information

Causes of Concussion

Usually, concussions are strongly associated with sports injuries, more specifically contact sports like rugby, football, etc. However, with recent research into this condition, it has been observed that concussions happen beyond the arena of sports and affect seniors, military personnel and can easily happen to anyone. Some of the most common causes are:

  • Trauma to the head because of vehicle accidents 
  • Dometic abuse or battlefield injuries 
  • Sports injuries related to both contact or non contact sports 
  • Playground accidents

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Diagnosis of Concussion

Concussions should immediately receive medical help. If you are someone who suspects they have a concussion or know of someone who may have a concussion, get a doctor to examine it at once. If you are involved in a sport, most organizations have protocols and machinery in place to have it examined right away. However, for further introspection, here are the various imaging tests that can be ordered to get a better look:

  • CAT scans
  • MRI 
  • Physical examination

How Can Physiotherapy Help If You Have a Concussion?

A concussion requires immediate care and treatment plans that follow a particular route. A treatment plan starts with detection, rehabilitation and adopting prevention techniques and ends when one can go back to resuming normal activities. Throughout this journey, physiotherapy for concussions plays a big part in this. 

In the past, the usual reaction to any kind of injury was rest and was even vetted by medical professionals. But recent studies show that rest is only effective in the initial stages and prolonged periods of rest without any movement can do more harm than good. Physiotherapy for concussions includes vestibular therapy, which targets the inner ear and its connection to the brain helps in shortening the time for recovery for patients with a concussion. Physiotherapy for concussions takes an active step towards helping patients and helps them treat the symptoms like dizziness, headaches, and balance by encouraging patients to stay active. It also helps patients adopt a preventative approach by using targeted exercise and helps patients resume their normal activities. Here are some therapeutic approaches that you can expect- 

  • Vestibular therapy– This therapy is used to treat dizziness and targets the inner ear using special treatments and exercises. It also helps patients regain their balance. 
  • Balance Restoration– Concussions heavily affect the sense of balance so physiotherapy for concussions will also include eye gaze exercises and range of motion exercises to help patients regain balance in both your feet and legs. 
  • Neck Pain Therapy Physiotherapy for neck pain caused due to concussions includes exercises, PT massage, electrotherapy, postural correction, and movement manipulation. 
  • Headache Treatment – Painful headaches are a common symptom of concussions. Physical therapy can help by introducing a certain range of motion exercises and specialized massage treatments, electrotherapy and TENS massaging.

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For more information about physiotherapy for concussions, head over to Phyt Health. Phyt Health is India’s first digital physiotherapy platform using 3D Imaging and Artificial Intelligence to accurately capture your movements and recommend relevant treatment plans. On the app, you will find a wealth of exercises that are curated by expert physiotherapists that you can perform in the comfort of your own home. You can also book an online video consultation with a physiotherapist on the app.